Author: Wayne Lela
Actors and actresses and comedians and comediennes have exerted enormous influence over this society via TV and cinema. Assuming we should know more about the kind of people exerting that influence, the following. As will be shown, drug use, prostitution (i.e., trading sexual favors for movie roles), and mental illness are very common in Hollywood.
Various entertainment writers have drawn attention to the widespread use of illegal drugs in Hollywood. For example:
1) Roger Ebert: “Half the people in Hollywood seem to have gone through recovery from drugs and alcohol by now .”1
2) Jorge Casuso: “During the freewheeling ’70s, Hollywood seemed to be riding a coke-induced high. On screen, recreational drugs were the props of the glamorous…[or] they were psychedelic aids in the search for Truth….Off-screen, drugs were part of the Hollywood mystique, seemingly taken as casually as a cocktail. Business deals were cut over vials of cocaine.”2
3) Michael Kilian: “Hollywood was notorious [this said in 1984] for its nonchalantly open use of the drug [cocaine] by celebrities.”3
4) Clarence Petersen wrote in 1992: Hollywood is “a mean town, run by weird men (mostly) addicted to power, money, deals, drugs, and bimbos.”4
5) Walter Scott: “A knowledgeable studio executive tells Parade [magazine in 1996] that drug use is as big—or bigger—than ever in the movie capitol [Hollywood].”5
6) Hilary de Vries, in 1998, noted “Hollywood’s renewed use of drugs.”6
7) And film critic Michael Wilmington, in 1998, similarly observed that “a sort of heroin/cocaine chic exists in today’s Hollywood.”7
(Drug use in Hollywood is so “normal” one has to wonder just how corrupt the police force and judicial system have become. And don’t Hollywood’s drug users care that they are supporting murderous drug kingpins and gangs and armies in Columbia and Mexico and elsewhere?)
Wherever you find rampant drug use you will usually find prostitution. It’s no big secret that there are a lot of prostitutes in Hollywood. What you may not know, though, is how many actors/actresses prostitute themselves in order to get acting work.
Actor Woody Harrelson admitted: “Every [acting] business I ever entered into in New York seemed to have a casting couch….I’ve seen so many people sleep with people they loathe in order to further their ambition.”8
Actress Jenny McCarthy similarly acknowledged: “L.A. [Los Angeles] is the worst place in the world to try to feel secure. The girls that moved out there at the same time as me, I watched them fizzle and turn into walking on the streets at night. You see that in the movies and hear about casting couches—which I thought were just big fluffy couches—but you don’t know till you experience it how corrupt it is. I was the only girl in my clique who wasn’t sleeping with someone to get a job.”9
Chris Hanley, producer of over 20 movies (“American Psycho,” “The Virgin Suicides,” etc.), “told his class reunion at Amherst College in Massachusetts about the Hollywood casting process: ‘Almost every leading actress in all of my 24 films has slept with a director or producer or a leading actor to get the part that launched her career.'”10
Entertainment writer Peter Keough describes Hollywood as “a town where everyone is selling body and soul for fame and fortune, and all—especially women—are considered commodities.”11
Entertainment writer Jon Anderson: “Insecure, seeking love, terrified of abandonment, needing public acclaim to quell their private demons, [such are] the creatures who rise to rule over the West Coast entertainment industry….[Former show-business writer Paul] Rosenfield offers evidence [in his book The Club Rules] that this is a world of shallow friendships, blocked emotions, [and] upwardly mobile sex.”12
Entertainment writer Bill Zwecker: “Hollywood—a town known for rampant infidelity, sleazy affairs, marital woes and serial romances.”13
A couple of business writers, Carol S. Pearson and Sharon Sievert, have noted that in an “organization where it has become normal to sacrifice one’s personal life and one’s ethical standards to career success…people with deep-seated psychological problems or serious addictions often rise to the top because pathology actually is a pre-condition for making the extraordinary personal sacrifices and ethical compromises required for success.”14 Hollywood offers much support for that observation.
For example, actress and comedienne Janeane Garofalo admitted: “My self-esteem is always in the toilet….Show business attracts the people with the lowest self-esteem.”15
Actor Simon Pegg: “Part of the reason you’re an actor is because you’re deeply insecure.”16
Actor Joe Manganiello was once a “scrawny teen [who] was bullied by his peers, breeding a deep insecurity that stayed with him for years.”17
Actress Meryl Streep: “Anybody who picks acting as a profession is bathed in insecurity….I’ve had those feelings.”18
Actress Ali Larter was another bathed in insecurity. “[D]espite her early [acting] success, Larter says she never felt good enough….'[I’d come] home at the end of the day crying because I wasn’t good enough.'”19
Actress Emma Stone was once a “little girl with crippling anxiety.”20
“Even after winning an Oscar, an Emmy and a Grammy, Kate Winslet [also] has moments of self-doubt. ‘When I get to the set on day one, I still feel like I’ve never made a film before and I’m a complete s— [sic].'”21
Leonardo DiCaprio, who, like so many Hollywood celebs, came from a broken home, answered thusly a question about why he became an actor: “We’re all after love, aren’t we? Love is what people are hungry for. That’s absolutely why I became an actor.”22 (So many celebs are in therapy because they look for love in all the wrong places, as a song put it, going unfulfilled forever. DiCaprio is sadly mistaken when he essentially equates or confuses the shallow adoration of fans with love. Others sadly and misguidedly confuse sex with love.)
Actor Shia LaBeouf: “Actors live dependent on being validated by other people’s opinions….The good actors are all screwed up. They’re all in pain. It’s a profession of bottom feeders and heartbroken people.”23
“Actor Ryan Phillippe…has struggled with depression his whole life. ‘You know, depression has been a huge obstacle for me ever since I was a child.'”24
Actress Anne Heche says she was “sexually abused by her father” when she was a child, and later as an adult suffered a psychological breakdown.25
Actor Philip Seymour Hoffman “spoke of the tortures of the damned he endured, regularly, when rehearsing or shooting a project….[He was a] demon-haunted star with lifelong addiction struggles.”26
Chris Lemmon, son of actor Jack Lemmon, acknowledged that his dad had a “darker side. ‘He had demons.'”27 For example, his dad had a “20-year bout with alcoholism.”28
Old-time actor Robert Ryan “had his demons, alcohol and depression among them.”29
Actress and director Katt Shea had “trauma-filled elementary schooldays. ‘I don’t know why a certain kid is picked as the scapegoat,’ she says, recalling ‘very, very painful’ years as an outcast in grade school….Shea admits she’s ‘probably socially dysfunctional.’…To combat her fears and to do something with her life, she chose acting.”30
Actor Thomas Middleditch was “bullied all through elementary and junior high school.”31
Actor Michael J. Fox also felt like somewhat of an outcast when young: “You become an actor because you’re a 15-year-old geek. Ten years later you’re on magazine covers because you focused your neuroses in a malleable craft.”32
Actor Eric Mabius: “Actors are usually terribly neurotic and worried about what people are thinking of them.”33
Like Michael J. Fox, actor Jeff Dorchen also admitted to feeling “geeky” when younger. He described his fellow college arts students as “a bunch of people who, like myself, had been geeks and weirdos in high school.”34
Actor Dennis Quaid on his high school years: “I wasn’t a popular kid. I spent a lot of time by myself.”35
Actor Henry Cavill had an “awkward adolescence…[which he mined] to play a [movie] character steeped in lonliness and confusion.”36
Actor Paul Rudd: “I always felt a little bit like an outsider [in high school]. My senior year, I got more confident, I didn’t feel like a total nerd.”37
When actor Charles Durning enrolled in drama school he “was a dreadfully shy person” by his own admission.38
Actress Claire Bloom described those in the theatrical profession thusly: “we were all outsiders of one kind or another.”39
U.S. News & World Report on Steven Spielberg: “An awkward outsider in his youth,…Spielberg found in his father’s 8-mm camera a means of escape and connection.”40
Actor Cory Monteith “grew up in Victoria, British Columbia, feeling like an outsider….’I never fit in, so I started pretending I was other people.'”41
Actress Charlize Theron, who’s father was an alcoholic killed by her mother in self-defense: “I always felt like an outsider [when I was young].”42
Actress Zooey Deschanel: “Feeling like an outsider is part of my nature.”43
Actor Daniel Radcliffe, in response to an interviewer’s question (“Growing up, did you have the sense of being an outsider?”), answered: “Totally! I remember being 6 years old and knowing that I saw the world differently from the rest of the boys in my class. I have always said to myself there must be a reason for me being this weird.”44
Actress Jennifer Morrison: “I was a misunderstood kid. With [the] Cinderella [fairy tale], I [when a child] related to being on the outside and wanting to be understood.”45
Screenwriter Graham Moore: “Feeling like a social misfit, I was drawn to other people who were outsiders.”46
Actress Carrie Brownstein: “We’ve [i.e., she and her good friend, actor Fred Armisen] always felt like we are outsiders. There’s a feeling of acceptance and home that we have with each other. It’s like finding a fellow weirdo and being able to feel normal.”47
Outsiders, outcasts, geeks, weirdos, neurotics, people with low self-esteem, prostitutes, and drug users—these are the types of people who are exercising enormous influence over our children via the entertainment industry.
And speaking of kids, child-actors in Hollywood are subjected to their own special pressures. According to actor Christian Slater: “You know, I had this belief system for many years that I had to suffer for my art….I thought if I didn’t suffer for my art, I couldn’t get really deeply into a character….That’s what they teach young kids in this [acting] business.”48 All we need are more suffering children.
Actor and comedian John Cleese: “A lot of creative ability does come from neuroses, pain.”49
It’s not just creative ability that comes from pain and suffering, but, ironically, comedy too.
Comedian Alan King stated this about fellow comedians: “[T]here is some form of deprivation—a large family, an affliction, alcoholic parents—something in early life, that creates this need to attract, to be paid attention to, to be loved. It’s been said many times, including by Lenny Bruce: ‘If it hurts, wait a minute; it’ll become comedy.'”50
Billy Crystal: “I think so much of comedy is based on an anger. We’re always looking for approval, looking for somebody to listen to us.”51
Comedian Jim “Carrey said his sense of humor ‘has always come from desperation.’ This desperation for attention led to his performance debut in 3rd grade.”52
Rodney Dangerfield: “People think comedians are happy people….It’s the reverse. When I was writing jokes when I was 15, it wasn’t because I was happy. It was to escape my reality.”53
Comedienne Phyllis “Diller thinks there is one universal thing about standup comics. ‘They usually are only children, or a child born late in life, or someone who has suffered some sense of abandonment. Check it out. It’s true of almost all comics. Comics are searching for love.'”54
Cartoonist/humorist Gahan Wilson: “I think it was S.J. Perelman who said that the requisite for any humorist is an unhappy childhood….For most creative people, there’s a great deal of storm and stress associated with it, one way or another. Mine was plenty traumatic.”55
Comedy writer Diane English: “The definition of a comedy writer is somebody who did not have a pleasant childhood…and I can definitely put myself in that category.”56
Comedian Jim J. Bullock: “Most comedians come from dysfunctional families.”57
Comedienne Sarah Silverman on comedic talent: “It’s almost like a sickness….I think it comes from some kind of damage or some kind of need or means of survival.”58
From TV critic Neal Justin: “Many comedians suffer from depression.”59
From film critic Richard Roeper: “Most of the best comics are dark, disturbed, brilliant observers of the human condition.”60
Comedian Richard Lewis had a “miserable childhood…[and a later] bout with alcoholism.”61
Comedian Sid Caesar experienced “emotional problems…[and had a] tormented inner life.”62
Comedienne Whitney Cummings: “My biggest obstacle [to success] was myself, my self-doubt and my low self-esteem.”63
“In 2010 [comedian Robin] Williams [who ultimately committed suicide] talked to an interviewer from London’s Guardian newspaper about his demons, chemical and psychological, and how pouring himself into work didn’t really help.”64
“Comedians are notorious for often being miserable human beings off-camera, insecure and misanthropic.”65
Chicago Tribune writer Mary Schmich wrote about “the perpetually dark soul that is the curse of so many funny people.”66
To return to the subject of child-actors for a moment, in late 2011 film critic Roger Ebert referred to a “recent controversy about Hollywood child sexual abuse and the victims who aren’t naming names.”67 There is more about this outrage in a Fox News story http://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/2011/12/05/recent-charges-sexual-abuse-children-in-hollywood-just-tip-iceberg-experts-say/. From that story:
Actor Corey Feldman, 40, himself a survivor of childhood sexual abuse by an unnamed Hollywood mogul, “unflinchingly warned of the world of pedophiles who are drawn to the entertainment industry last August. ‘I can tell you that the No. 1 problem in Hollywood was and is and always will be pedophilia.'”
“Another child star from an earlier era agrees that Hollywood has long had a problem with pedophilia. ‘When I watched that interview, a whole series of names and faces from my history went zooming through my head,’ [said] Paul Peterson, 66, star of The Donna Reed Show….’Some of these people, who I know very well, are still in the game….The casting couch is a real thing, and sometimes just getting an appointment makes people do desperate things [like prostitute themselves].'”
According to actress Alison Arngrim: “This has been going on for a very long time….It was the gossip back in the ‘80s. People said, ‘Oh yeah, the Coreys [Corey Feldman and actor Corey Haim], everyone’s had them.’ People talked about it like it was not a big deal….I literally heard that they were ‘passed around’….The word was that they were given drugs and being used for sex. It was awful – these were kids, they weren’t 18 yet. There were all sorts of stories about everyone from their, quote, ‘set guardians’ on down that these two had been sexually abused and were totally being corrupted in every possible way.”
And if all that wasn’t enough to make the case that Hollywood really needs to be cleaned up, there is this somewhat political fact about Hollywood: So many producers and directors and actors are judgmental liberal bigots who believe it’s okay to discriminate against conservatives who are in “the biz.” As Prof. Patricia F. Phalen, described by USA Today as “a recognized expert on the American TV industry,” has noted: “It’s no secret that liberal viewpoints are the ‘gold standard’ in Hollywood, or that careers can rise and fall according to one’s political beliefs.”68
I think we can safely conclude from all the a foregoing personal testimonials and personal observations by those in a position to know, that many influential actors and comedians are not exactly psychologically “normal” or healthy. Add to them the many drug-using, promiscuous, influential rock ‘n’ roll stars.
Given all that, is it any wonder sexual exploitation (i.e. promiscuity) is becoming more and more acceptable? And extra-marital cheating a la Bill Clinton? Is it any wonder we have an epidemic of sexually transmitted diseases? A high divorce rate? A high teen suicide rate?
Is it any wonder we have a high out-of-wedlock birth rate? So many young girls becoming mothers? So many fatherless homes? “Gang-banging” kids killing other young gang members? It seems like the patients are taking over the asylum.
If we are ever going to durably reverse these trends, if we are ever going to reduce/eliminate the influence of depraved people, we are going to have to do a much better job of learning and imparting moral truths.
But we don’t teach morality like we teach math or physics or English. We hardly teach morality at all; and it’s such a complex subject it’s difficult to expect people to learn it on their own.
As a society, we not only need to learn how to logically defend our values; but once we learn that, we must teach our children those logical defenses. If we don’t, we can’t expect them to blindly or automatically adopt those values. It’s just not realistic.
One last note: Hereinabove was much anecdotal support for a link between creativity and psychopathology. But there is more than just anecdotal support available. For example, researchers have found evidence “indicating that creativity and psychosis share genetic roots.”69 So, while we should applaud creative people when they create something worthwhile, generally speaking we should not look at them as role models unless we want a more psychologically unhealthy world. Creative people need to get the message that they shouldn’t be judging us, telling us how to live, telling us what’s right and wrong, etc. They need to get the message that they aren’t exactly experts in the fields of morality and psychological health, to say the least. So many creative but troubled people should humbly admit that they have psychological problems, that they are poor role models, and that they could benefit from therapy. Our young people are way too influenced by dysfunctional “famous” people. That’s not good—for them or for us.
Picture the scene – models, pop stars and Hollywood actors in an exclusive private club. The champagne’s flowing and the A-list are crowded around a table filled with a huge ornate bowl, taking turns to sample its wares.
Incredibly this is not a film clip, but a cocaine-fuelled reality which takes place every week in LA.
For a while, the traditional cocaine bowl at Hollywood parties was relegated to smaller, private rooms. But now it’s back in its pride of place, filled with thousands of dollars worth of the class A drug.
Due to the prevalence of paparazzi and other prying eyes, stars tend to indulge mainly at private parties or at smaller bars – such as the snooty Whisky Bar or the impossible-to-get-into strip club Forty Deuce. “There isn’t as much of a drug problem in the big Hollywood nightclubs these days,” reveals a source. “Incidents like River Phoenix’s death and Jason Donovan’s collapse at the Viper Room seem things of the past – probably because drugs are more widely available elsewhere. Especially at those A-list parties at mansions in the Hollywood Hills.”
And to guarantee pleasing their greedy guests, the celebrity hosts of these parties know they need an abundant supply of drugs available. And with most dealers delivering to the stars’ door (or to the door of their manager or publicist) and traveling with a wide variety of illicit drugs in their stash, it’s easily achieved.
One notorious supplier who works the Hollywood scene has a series of display suitcases, one for each type of drug – heroin, speed, crystal, cocaine, marijuana, mushrooms, ‘exotics’ such as opium, peyote and prescription drugs. These suitcases also feature scales, measuring tools and free samples ready to be taken by any interested celeb. All it takes is a quick call to one of these dealers and the star’s drug of choice will be couriered to them within a half hour.
One partygoer recalls how a bash at a Hollywood mansion, belonging to a balding star, was transformed after such a visit.
“He was literally bouncing around on a space hopper for the next hour. He took a couple of ecstasy pills and literally changed in less than an hour.”
There are also tales of hedonistic sex parties, involving top class prostitutes and a gaggle of famous male actors, including most infamously Charlie Sheen. It looks like there is a heir to the Sheen throne with one of Hollywood’s golden boys fast developing a reputation for his bad boy ways.
He has such a taste for drugs and sex that he will often offer one for the other – in either order and with either sex. At exclusive parties he will entice women and men into bed by getting them loaded on coke and pills. If he’s out of drugs, then he will offer sex in return for a hit.
It is this easy accessibility that has caused the downfall of many a star. Point in case is actor Ed Furlong. The Terminator 2 star started with the so-called ‘party drugs’ such as cocaine and ecstasy, 25-year-old Furlong then descended into a heroin habit that saw him struck of all the top guest lists because of his erratic behaviour and frightening appearance. It left him jobless, frighteningly gaunt and broke (he admitted to spending a whopping $3.5 million on drugs). When he lost the central role in Terminator 3 he spiralled even deeper in drugs,” says a friend of the star. He goes on to describe how Furlong collapsed at a friends house in Malibu at the end of one marathon party night in September last year at which the star spent close to $100,000 on drugs. And while some stars publicly blame the pressures of fame for their drug problems, a pal of notorious narcotic abuser Robert Downey Jnr, summed up the more common truth when he said of his pal from the teenage years “I don’t think it was the pressure that drove him to use. He doesn’t have any pressure, he just parties.”
These tales of excess lifestyles are legendary and sadly too common. One reason for Nicholas Cage and Lisa Marie Presley’s recent divorce was his fear that his wife would return to her wild party ways. During her peak cocaine use, it was not unusual for Lisa Marie to party for up to 72 hours straight. “This one night I had been up for three days,” she recalls. “I was high on cocaine and I had some more. It was either do it or go to sleep.”
And the list goes on, with one blonde TV actress abusing cocaine so massively that every weekend she’d inevitably show up at the hottest party or club one dress size smaller than the week before, seeing her shrink from a curvy size 12 to a skeletal size 4, She thought nothing of doing coke in the middle of a party, regardless of who was present. She soon lost her bubbly character and was renowned for her clenched jaws and her fiery, violent temper. But the sad fact is that many female stars and models are attracted to cocaine even more due to the dramatic – yet highly dangerous – weight loss it promotes.
One infamous and tiny model was so out of her head on cocaine that she had sex with her actor boyfriend overlooking a bar through a two-way mirror, and didn’t seem to mind who stumbled across them in the act.
But that is just the tip of the iceberg with the stars search for new highs leading them to experiment with cocktails of various prescription pills. The new kid on the block is Vicodin. “The hottest drug in Hollywood right now is not hard stuff like heroin but a pain-killer… Vicodin. Its celebrity associations have made it the hottest drug in Hollywood,” asserts a film industry insider.
A narcotic pain-killer, Vicodin basically makes you drowsy and numb. But for party purposes Vic, as it is commonly known, is combined with alcohol leaving the star “buzzing” and typically ‘out of it’. Matthew Perry says his addiction to the drug got so bad “I was scared for my survival”. Vicodin was just one of the pharmaceuticals found in Winona Ryder’s bag. Another was prescription drug OxyContin (or Oxycodone), known on the scene as ‘poor man’s heroin’, it is also now widely used at the hottest Hollywood parties.
1. Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times, Sept. 12, 1990, “Arts & Show” section, p. 37.
2. Jorge Casuso, “Learning to say no on film,” Chicago Tribune, March 5, 1992, section 1, p. 19.
3. Michael Kilian, “For Stacy Keach, Richard III heralds winter of his content,” Chicago Tribune, Oct. 7, 1990, section 5, p. 6.
4. Clarence Petersen, “You’ll Never Eat Lunch in This Town Again,” Chicago Tribune, March 8, 1992, section 14, p. 2.
5. Walter Scott, “Walter Scott’s Personality Parade,” Parade, March 3, 1996, p. 2.
6. Hilary de Vries, “Happily ever after,” Chicago Tribune, Aug. 9, 1998, section 7, p. 15.
7. Michael Wilmington, “‘Midnight’ only sometimes gutsy account of writer’s double life,” Chicago Tribune, Sept. 18, 1998, section 7, p. L.
8. Stephanie Mansfield, “Wild & Woody,” USA Weekend, July 5-7, 1996, p. 5.
9. Cheryl Lavin, “Dumb like a fox,” Chicago Tribune, Aug. 24, 1997, section 10, p. 16.
10. “News from the casting couch,” Chicago Sun-Times, June 10, 2005, p. 52.
11. Peter Keough, “Taking it off takes off,” Chicago Tribune, April 30, 1995, section 13, p. 3.
12. Jon Anderson, “The lackluster world of Hollywood glitterati,” Chicago Tribune, April 16, 1992, section 5, p. 3.
13. Bill Zwecker, “Hollywood ‘Bombshell'”, Chicago Sun-Times, March 19, 2010, p. 28.
14. Jacqueline Fitzgerald, “Merlin, we beg thee, thy magic, we need some here at the office,” Chicago Tribune, Aug. 28, 1995, section 4, p. 3.
15. Nancy Mills, “Real Life,” Chicago Tribune, Jan. 7, 1996, section 13, p. 6.
16. Scurrilous (pen name), “The Web truth hurts,” Chicago Sun-Times, Oct. 3, 2008, p. 32.
17. Rachel Handler, “True Grit,” Splash, Dec. 22-28, 2013, p. 13.
18. Jeanne Wolf, “America’s Favorite Stars,” Parade, Nov. 9, 2008, p. 4.
19. Rachel Handler, “Living Larter,” Splash, Oct. 13-19, 2013, pp. 12-3.
20. Patrick Pacheco, “Like A Rock,” Chicago Tribune, Jan. 5, 2015, section 4, p. 4.
21. Cindy Pearlman, “Making eyes, making pies,” Chicago Sun-Times, Jan. 29, 2014, p. 30.
22. Dotson Rader, “I Want To Stand For Something,” Parade, Oct. 5, 2008, p. 5.
23. Dotson Rader, “The Mixed-Up Life of Shia LaBeouf,” Parade, June 14, 2009, pp. 4-5.
24. Bill Zwecker, “Kind of a sad person,” Chicago Sun-Times, March 4, 2015, p. 27.
25. Zak Stemer, “super Anne,” Splash, March 1-14, 2015, pp. 13-14.
26. Michael Phillips, “Acting didn’t come easy, but it did come true,” Chicago Tribune, Feb. 3, 2014, section 4, pp. 1-2.
27. Thomas Connors, “Dear Dad,” Splash, May 11-17, 2014, p. 18.
28. Hedy Weiss, “Son pays loving tribute to his famous father,” Chicago Sun-Times, May 14, 2014, p. 39.
29. Michael Phillips, “Music Box to celebrate noir icon Robert Ryan,” Chicago Tribune, May 29, 2015, section 4, p. 7.
30. Michael J. Bandler, “Vim & Venom,” Chicago Tribune, June 28, 1992, section 6, p. 8.
31. Mike Thomas, “The Last Laugh,” Chicago Sun-Times, April 7, 2014, p. 29.
32. Michael Gross, “Celebrity shakeout,” Chicago Tribune, May 29, 1991, section 5, p. 3.
33. Susan King, “Valerie Harper back with spring in her step after diagnosis,” Chicago Tribune, April 22, 2014, section 4, p. 4.
34. Anthony Adler, “Alone, together,” Chicago Tribune, June 28, 1992, section 13, p. 12.
35. Dotson Rader, “Dennis Quaid,” Parade, Sept. 23, 2012, p. 6.
36. Nicole Sperling, “Cavill knows how Clark Kent feels,” Chicago Tribune, June 18, 2013, section 4, p. 5.
37. Cindy Pearlman, “Paul Rudd tries his luck with ‘Schmucks,'” Chicago Sun-Times, July 25, 2010, “Sunday Show” section, p. 4.
38. Dennis McLellan, “Honored for war stint, role on Broadway,” Chicago Tribune, Dec. 26, 2012, section 2, p. 5.
39. Bettina Drew, “Husbands and Lovers,” Chicago Tribune, Oct. 20, 1996, section 14, p. 3.
40. Jay Tolson, “Director With a Cause,” U.S. News & World Report, Dec. 1/Dec. 8, 2008, p. 54.
41. Shawna Malcom, “Cory Monteith’s Turning Point,” Parade, June 26, 2011, p. 11.
42. Mark Morrison, “The Amazing Low-Key Life of Charlize Theron,” USA Weekend, Dec. 9-11, 2011, p. 7.
43. Nolan Feeney, “10 Questions,” Time, Nov. 24, 2014, p. 68.
44. Dotson Rader, “Life After Harry,” Parade, Jan. 8, 2012, p. 12.
45. “A fairy-tale life,” USA Weekend, Oct. 4-6, 2013, p. 2.
46. Nina Metz, “Beyond coincidence,” Chicago Tribune, Dec. 11, 2014, section 4, p. 5.
47. Greg Braxton, “Brownstein juggles punk, ‘Portlandia’,” Chicago Tribune, Jan. 15, 2015, section 4, p. 5.
48. Cindy Pearlman, “Actor Slater gets his life together after stint in jail,” Chicago Sun-Times, Sept. 27, 1998, “Showcase” section, p. 3E.
49. Abbie Jones, “Cleese’s clinic,” Chicago Tribune, April 11, 1993, section 5, p. 3.
50. Hugh Hart, “King of the road,” Chicago Tribune, Aug. 8, 1991, section 5, p. 3.
51. Richard Zoglin, “10 questions for Billy Crystal,” Time, Oct. 17, 2005, p. 8.
52. Diane Joy Moca, “‘Living Color’s’ Jim Carrey flies solo on cable,” Chicago Tribune, Nov. 16, 1991, section 1, p. 26.
53. Lawrence Grobel, “One Banana Peel After Another,” Parade, Aug. 3, 1997, p. 8.
54. Mal Vincent, “‘A Bug’s Life’ gives Diller the royal treatment,” Chicago Tribune, Dec. 17, 1998, section 5, p. 9C.
55. John Blades, “Dead-on humor,” Chicago Tribune, April 26, 1991, section 5, p. 2.
56. Michael J. Bandler, “Creative force,” Chicago Tribune, Feb. 16, 1992, section 6, p. 4.
57. Ed Bark, “Jim J., Tammy Faye an intriguing team,” Chicago Tribune, Jan. 27, 1996, section 1, p. 24.
58. “10 Questions,” Time, May 3, 2010, p. 4.
59. Neal Justin, “Women, anti-heroes took spotlight in 2012,” Chicago Tribune, Dec. 26, 2012, section 4, p. 4.
60. Richard Roeper, “Comics: If it’s unfunny, don’t say it,” Chicago Sun-Times, July 30, 2012, p. 35.
61. Howard Reich, “Richard Lewis on the phone,” Chicago Tribune, Nov. 10, 2013, section 4, p. 1.
62. Dennis McLellan, “A comedy giant who made small screen large,” Chicago Tribune, Feb. 13, 2014, section 4, p. 1.
63. Zak Stemer, “Love her, mean it,” Splash, Feb. 15-28, 2015, p. 15.
64. Michael Phillips, “5 Williams movies to remember,” Chicago Tribune, Aug. 13, 2014, section 4, p. 6.
65. Leah Rozen, “The Most Happy Fella,” Parade, Feb. 16, 2014, p. 8.
66. Mary Schmich, “For some, help in resisting impulse really does help,” Chicago Tribune, Aug. 13, 2014, section 1, p. 3.
67. Roger Ebert, “Do we really need to see ‘Tintin’ in 3-D,” Chicago Sun-Times, Dec. 30, 2011, “Movies” section, p. 4.
68. Prof. Patricia F. Phalen, “Know Any Republican TV Heroes?”, USA Today, Nov. 12, 2014, p. 7A.
69. Robert Power, Stacy Steinberg, et al, “Polygenic risk scores for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder predict creativity,” Nature Neuroscience, June 9, 2015.